The new study has shown that the hypertension rate among India’s young adults is unexpectedly higher than previously estimated, the study also found that the prevalence of high blood pressure is more than in Central and Eastern Europe which previously estimated to have the highest rate for young adults. Researchers from Harvard University led the study.
In the study, researchers found how the rate of diabetes and hypertension is varied in India by states — rural and urban areas — and by the sociodemographic characteristics like household wealth and education.
Hypertension and diabetes rates are high in India among middle-aged and older adults belongs to all sociodemographic groups and geographic measures.
The diabetes rate among women was 6.1% while it was 6.5% among men in all over the country.
The researchers found that there was 20% prevalence of hypertension among women and the rate of high blood pressure among men was 24.5%.
The study has shown a surprisingly high rate of hypertension among India’s young adults. The study also found that the prevalence of high blood pressure was 12.1% in the age group of 18-25 years.
The lead author of the study, Pascal Geldsetzer who is a doctoral student at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, Massachusetts, said, “Understanding how diabetes and hypertension prevalence varies within a country as large as India is essential for targeting of prevention, screening, and treatment services.”
The researchers examined a health data collected from 1.3 million adults from all over India between the year 2012 and 2014, and the health data also included blood pressure and plasma glucose measurements.
The study has shown the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes varied widely across states.
The study suggested that urban location and household wealth were highly associated with both — hypertension and diabetes — the prevalence of both the conditions among middle-aged adults living in the most impoverished households in rural locations was also high as the 5.9% middle-aged adults had diabetes while 30% middle-aged adults had hypertension.
Co-author of the study, Ashish Awasthi from the Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, said, “Diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes is straightforward but mostly untapped due to lack of awareness and regular medical checkups.” The country which is home to over sixth of the world’s population is currently in the midst of an epidemiological transition.
The finding shows that the prevalence of non-communicable diseases has increased in recent decades which is likely to remain as India’s population ages and urbanizes.
Awasthi went on to say, “India needs to focus on these two silent killers as well as other non-communicable diseases to reduce the burden of preventable premature morbidity and mortality. If unchecked, we will see a lot more victims of these two diseases in next two decades.”